The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is characterized by prolongation of the QT interval, causing torsade de pointes and sudden cardiac death. This syndrome can be divided into idiopathic (congenital) and acquired forms. The idiopathic form is a familial disorder that can be associated with sensorineural deafness (Jervell and Lange--Nielsen syndrome, autosomal recessive) or normal hearing (Romano--Ward syndrome, autosomal dominant). The acquired form has a long QT interval caused by various drugs such as quinidine sotalol and dofetilide, also by noncardiovascular drugs such as antihistamine, antibiotics, antipsychotics and others. Also, the QT interval is prolonged by electrolyte abnormalities such as hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia, central nervous system lesions, significant bradyarrhythmias, cardiac ganglionitis, mitral valve prolapse and probucol. DNA variants appearing to predispose to drug-associated acquired long QT syndrome have been reported in congenital long QT.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Nippon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas