A fundamental problem posed from the study of correlated electron compounds, of which heavy-fermion systems are prototypes, is the need to understand the physics of states near a quantum critical point (QCP). At a QCP, magnetic order is suppressed continuously to zero temperature and unconventional superconductivity often appears. Here, we report pressure (P)-dependent 115In nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements on heavy-fermion antiferromagnet CeRh0.5Ir0.5In5. These experiments reveal an antiferromagnetic (AF) QCP at PcAF=1.2 GPa where a dome of superconductivity reaches a maximum transition temperature Tc. Preceding PcAF, however, the NQR frequency νQ undergoes an abrupt increase at Pc* = 0.8 GPa in the zero-temperature limit, indicating a change from localized to itinerant character of cerium’s f-electron and associated small-to-large change in the Fermi surface. At PcAF where Tc is optimized, there is an unusually large fraction of gapless excitations well below Tc that implicates spin-singlet, odd-frequency pairing symmetry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)