Liver transplantation in a patient with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia and pulmonary hypertension

Kentaro Ejiri, Satoshi Akagi, Kazufumi Nakamura, Naofumi Amioka, Keishi Ichikawa, Takahito Yagi, Hiroshi Ito

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Abstract

Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia or Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome is a systemic vascular disease with autosomal dominant inheritance, mucocutaneous telangiectasia, and repeated nasal bleeding due to vascular abnormalities. Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia may occasionally lead to complications, including arteriovenous malformations and pulmonary hypertension. We present a case of a 52-year-old female patient with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia who was referred to our hospital for treatment of pulmonary hypertension. She had been diagnosed with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia during adolescence and was being followed up. Six months prior to presentation, she had undergone coil embolization for pulmonary haemorrhage due to pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. She was in World Health Organization functional class IV, with a mean of pulmonary arterial pressure of 38 mmHg, a pulmonary capillary wedge pressure of 10 mmHg, and a right atrial pressure of 22 mmHg. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography angiography showed large arteriovenous malformations in the liver. Right heart catheterization revealed an increase in oxygen saturation in the inferior vena cava between the supra- and infra-hepatic veins, low pulmonary vascular resistance, and high right atrial pressure. Hence, she was diagnosed with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia with pulmonary hypertension due to major arteriovenous shunt resulting from arteriovenous malformations in the liver. Therefore, we considered liver transplantation as an essential treatment option. She underwent cadaveric liver transplantation after a year resulting in dramatic haemodynamic improvement to World Health Organization functional class I. Liver transplantation is a promising treatment in patients with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia and pulmonary hypertension resulting from arteriovenous shunt caused by arteriovenous malformations in the liver.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPulmonary Circulation
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Rendu-Osler-Weber syndrome
  • arteriovenous malformation
  • pulmonary haemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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