Liquid biopsy for patients with IBD-associated neoplasia

Hideaki Kinugasa, Sakiko Hiraoka, Kazuhiro Nouso, Shumpei Yamamoto, Mami Hirai, Hiroyuki Terasawa, Eriko Yasutomi, Shohei Oka, Masayasu Ohmori, Yasushi Yamasaki, Toshihiro Inokuchi, Masahiro Takahara, Keita Harada, Takehiro Tanaka, Hiroyuki Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: It is often difficult to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)-associated neoplasia endoscopically due to background inflammation. In addition, due to the absence of sensitive tumor biomarkers, countermeasures against IBD-associated neoplasia are crucial. The purpose of this study is to develop a new diagnostic method through the application of liquid biopsy. Methods: Ten patients with IBD-associated cancers and high-grade dysplasia (HGD) with preserved tumor tissue and blood were included. Tumor and non-tumor tissues were analyzed for 48 cancer-related genes using next-generation sequencing. Simultaneously, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) was analyzed for mutations in the target genes using digital PCR. Results: Out of 10 patients, seven had IBD-related cancer and three had IBD-related HGD. Two patients had carcinoma in situ; moreover, three had stageII and two had stage III. To avoid false positives, the mutation rate cutoff was set at 5% based on the control results; seven of 10 (70%) tumor tissue samples were mutation-positive. Mutation frequencies for each gene were as follows: TP53 (20.9%; R136H), TP53 (25.0%; C110W), TP53 (8.5%; H140Q), TP53 (31.1%; R150W), TP53 (12.8%; R141H), KRAS (40.0%; G12V), and PIK3CA (34.1%; R 88Q). The same mutations were detected in the blood of these seven patients. However, no mutations were detected in the blood of the remaining three patients with no tumor tissue mutations. The concordance rate between tumor tissue DNA and blood ctDNA was 100%. Conclusion: Blood liquid biopsy has the potential to be a new method for non-invasive diagnosis of IBD-associated neoplasia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1188
JournalBMC cancer
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • IBD-associated cancer
  • IBD-associated neoplasia
  • Liquid biopsy
  • ctDNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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