Objective: We examined whether progenitor neural stem cells can differentiate successfully into mature neurons and astrocytes in a rat model of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Study design: Seven-day-old Wistar rats were subjected to hypoxic-ischemic stress. At days 5 to 7 after hypoxic-ischemic stress, 5-bromodeoxyuridine (an early marker of cell proliferation) was injected, and the brains were retrieved at 14, 28, and 42 days after hypoxic-ischemic stress. Immunohistochemical and immunofluorescent studies were carried out for 5-bromodeoxyuridine, neuronal nuclear antigen (a marker protein of matured neuron), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (a protein marker of mature astrocytes). Results: Only 1% of neuronal nuclear antigen-positive and 4.6% of glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive cells could be detected among the 5-bromodeoxyuridine-immunopositive cells in the peri-infarcted area of the cortex and the striatum, respectively, at 14 days after hypoxic-ischemic stress. There were no such double-staining cells at 28 and 42 days after hypoxic-ischemic stress. Conclusion: The intrinsic ability for neurologic self-repair was limited at the maturation step after hypoxic-ischemic stress in the neonatal rat brain.
- Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
- Neonatal rat
- Neural stem cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology