Light-dependent cold-induced fatty acid unsaturation, changes in membrane fluidity, and alterations in gene expression in Synechocystis

Kirill S. Mironov, Roman A. Sidorov, Marina S. Trofimova, Vladimir S. Bedbenov, Vladimir D. Tsydendambaev, Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev, Dmitry A. Los

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Abstract

Cold stress causes unsaturation of the membrane lipids. This leads to adjustment of the membrane fluidity, which is necessary for cold acclimation of cells. Here we demonstrate that the cold-induced accumulation of PUFAs in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis is light-dependent. The desA-/desD - mutant, that lacks the genes for Δ12 and Δ6 desaturases, is still able to adjust the fluidity of its membranes in spite of its inability to synthesize PUFAs and modulate the fatty acid composition of the membrane lipids under cold stress. The expression of cold-induced genes, which are controlled by the cold sensor histidine kinase Hik33, depends on the fluidity of cell membranes and it is regulated by light, though it does not require the activity of the photosynthetic apparatus. The expression of cold-induced genes, which are not controlled by Hik33, does not depend on the membrane fluidity or light. Thus, membrane fluidity determines the temperature dependence of the expression of cold-induced genes that are under control of the Hik33, which might be the sensor of changes in the membrane fluidity. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Photosynthesis Research for Sustainability: from Natural to Artificial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1352-1359
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1817
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2012

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Keywords

  • Cold stress
  • Fatty acid desaturase
  • Gene expression
  • Membrane fluidity
  • Synechocystis
  • Unsaturated fatty acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Mironov, K. S., Sidorov, R. A., Trofimova, M. S., Bedbenov, V. S., Tsydendambaev, V. D., Allakhverdiev, S. I., & Los, D. A. (2012). Light-dependent cold-induced fatty acid unsaturation, changes in membrane fluidity, and alterations in gene expression in Synechocystis. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, 1817(8), 1352-1359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2011.12.011