Life cycle assessment of biodiesel fuel production from waste cooking oil in Okayama City

Jinmei Yang, Takeshi Fujiwara, Qijin Geng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A life cycle assessment (LCA) is performed to make clear of the actual environment impacts from conversation of waste cooking oil (WCO) to biodiesel fuel (BDF) in Okayama. A scenario analysis is carried out based on different participation rate of residents who separate WCO from general waste, corresponding to different BDF utilisation rate in transportation system. Sub scenarios complying with different gas emission standards regarding vehicles are designed as well. Afterwards, life cycle impact assessment is conducted to focus on global warming, acidification, and urban air pollution. Overall improvement of almost all kinds of life cycle inventories is significant when diesel is replaced with BDF, demonstrating that a shift from WCO-to-incineration to WCO-to-BDF is more beneficial. Under carbon neutral, compared to base scenario (S0), about 746.05 ton CO2 emission will be reduced annually in the scenario with 100 % BDF utilisation in vehicles (S4). Meanwhile, total external cost in three environmental impacts (EI) sharply reduces by 51.90 %, showing much economic sustainability in S4. Moreover, the manufacturing cost for producing one litter WCO-to-BDF is 97.32 Yen. Sensitivity analysis shows that the gas emission standard regarding vehicles had much bigger effect on EI than BDF manufacturing process in this research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1457-1467
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017

Keywords

  • Biodiesel fuel
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Life cycle impact assessment
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Waste cooking oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanics of Materials

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