Lidocaine protects hippocampal neurons against ischemic damage by preventing increase of extracellular excitatory amino acids: a microdialysis study in Mongolian gerbils

Taro Fujitani, Naoto Adachi, Hirofumi Miyazaki, Keyue Liu, Yoichi Nakamura, Kiyoshi Kataoka, Tatsuru Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracellular levels of amino acids in the hippocampal CA1 region of the gerbil were analyzed by a microdialysis-HPLC procedure. Transient forebrain ischemia produced significant increase in aspartate, glutamate, glycine and taurine (760%, 1070%, 190% and 1210%, respectively), and neuronal blockade by perfusion with a lidocaine (4 mM)-containing medium resulted in 67%, 79%, 58% and 59% reduction in the peak values of each amino acid, respectively. On the other hand, an intracerebroventricular administration of lidocaine, 0.8 μmol or more, produced a protective effect against delayed damage of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells, which was caused by bilateral carotid artery occlusion for 4 min. The results suggest that lidocaine may protect neurons against ischemic damage, by preventing the ischemia-induced rise of extracellular concentration of excitatory amino acid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-94
Number of pages4
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume179
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 26 1994

Keywords

  • Amino acids
  • CA1
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Hippocampus
  • Lidocaine
  • Microdialysis
  • Mongolian gerbils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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