Leukotoxic Activity in Actinobacillus(Haemophilus) actinomycetemcomitans Isolated from Periodontal Disease Patients

Hiroyuki Ohta, Susumu Kokeguchi, Kazuhiro Fukui, Keijiro Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leukotoxic activity in Actinobacillus (Haemophilus) actinomycetemcomitans isolated from patients with rapidly progressive periodontitis (RP), gingivitis (G). and juvenile periodontitis (JP), and several oral bacteria, was determined by obser-vation of morphological changes in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). Many A. actinomycetemcomitans isolates yielded both rough-surfaced and umbonate-shaped colonies (A-type), and smooth-surfaced and convex-shaped colonies (B-type), when stock cultures were streaked on agar medium. Both types of cells were identi-cal in terms of Gram stain, cell morphology, sugar fermentation profile, nitrate reduction and cellular fatty acid composition. Sonic extracts were prepared from 32 A. actinomycetemcomitans strains isolated from patients and from 3 American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) strains. Sonic extracts from 8 isolates and 2 ATCC strains induced sphering of PMNs during a 45–50 min period of incubation at 37 C. Extracts from the other oral bacteria had no effects on PMN morphology. The sphered PMNs were found by their fluorochromatic-negative reactions to be damaged cells. The leukotoxic substance was heat-sensitive (56 C, 30 min), trypsin-sensitive and did not induce sphering of PMNs at 4 C. There was no clear correlation between colony type and leukotoxicity. Among 8 leukotoxic strains, 5 were isolates from an RP patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-325
Number of pages13
JournalMICROBIOLOGY and IMMUNOLOGY
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Virology

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