Left atrial volume combined with atrial pump function identifies hypertensive patients with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Norihisa Toh, Hideaki Kanzaki, Satoshi Nakatani, Takahiro Ohara, Jiyoong Kim, Kengo F. Kusano, Kazuhiko Hashimura, Tohru Ohe, Hiroshi Ito, Masafumi Kitakaze

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Identifying patients at high risk for the occurrence of atrial fibrillation is one means by which subsequent thromboembolic complications may be prevented. Left atrial enlargement is associated with progression of atrial remodeling, which is a substrate for atrial fibrillation, but impaired atrial pump function is also another aspect of the remodeling. Our objective was to differentiate patients with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation using echocardiography. We studied 280 hypertensive patients (age: 66±7 years; left ventricular ejection fraction: 65±8%), including 140 consecutive patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and 140 age-and sex-matched control subjects. Left atrial volume was measured using the modified Simpson method at both left ventricular end systole and preatrial contraction and was indexed to body surface area. Peak late-diastolic mitral annular velocity was measured during atrial contraction using pulsed tissue Doppler imaging as an atrial pump function. Left atrial volume index measured at left ventricular end systole had a 74% diagnostic accuracy and a 71% positive predictive value for identifying patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation; these values for the ratio of left atrial volume index at left ventricular end systole to the peak late-diastolic mitral annular velocity were 82% and 81%, respectively, and those for the ratio of left atrial volume index at preatrial contraction to the peak late-diastolic mitral annular velocity were 86% and 90%, respectively. In conclusion, left atrial size combined with atrial pump function enabled a more accurate diagnosis of a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation than conventional parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1150-1156
Number of pages7
JournalHypertension
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Echocardiography
  • Hypertension
  • Left atrium
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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