Lead isotopic compositions in olivine-hosted melt inclusions from HIMU basalts and possible link to sulfide components

Hisayoshi Yurimoto, Tetsu Kogiso, Kanshi Abe, Hans G. Barsczus, Atsushi Utsunomiya, Shigenori Maruyama

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    31 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Pb isotopic compositions of melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts of lava samples from Mangaia and Rarotonga, Cook-Austral islands, have been determined by secondary ion mass spectrometry. The Pb isotopic compositions of melt inclusions from Rarotonga are consistent with those of bulk rock. On the other hand, Pb isotopic compositions of sulfide-free melt inclusions from Mangaia Island are widely distributed along the join between HIMU (i.e. highly radiogenic Pb) and less radiogenic components. The variation is much wider than that in bulk-rock samples that are invariably end-member HIMU values. In contrast, Pb isotopic compositions of sulfide and carbonate inclusions are restricted to HIMU end-member values. The variations in Pb isotopic ratios can be explained by mixing between the HIMU component and another component with less radiogenic Pb, and suggests that the HIMU component is enriched in sulfide and carbonate phases as well as Pb compared with the less radiogenic component. It seems paradoxical that a sulfide-rich component is associated with highly radiogenic Pb, because sulfides generally have extremely low U/Pb and Th/Pb ratios, which result in quite unradiogenic Pb. Subducted oceanic crust is not a likely source for such a sulfide-rich component because sulfides in subducted crust may not survive dehydration processes in subduction zones, although it can produce highly radiogenic Pb. The association of highly radiogenic Pb and sulfides implies that sulfides and radiogenic Pb in the HIMU source originate from distinct reservoirs. A possible origin of the sulfides is the Earth's core, because the core is the largest sulfur budget in the Earth. The highly radiogenic Pb may originate from subducted oceanic crust which resides at the core-mantle boundary. Alternative source for radiogenic Pb is Ca-perovskite in the lower mantle, which is the main host of incompatible elements in the lower mantle and has high U/Pb and Th/Pb ratios. The core-derived sulfides would exchange Pb isotopes with subducted oceanic crust or Ca-perovskite during upwelling in the lower mantle, resulting in production of a sulfur-rich reservoir with highly radiogenic Pb.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)231-242
    Number of pages12
    JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
    Volume146
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 16 2004

    Keywords

    • HIMU lavas
    • Melt inclusion
    • Mid ocean ridge basalt
    • Ocean island basalts
    • Pb isotopes

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Geophysics
    • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science

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