Lavender essential oil and its main constituents inhibit the expression of tnf-α-induced cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells

Michinori Aoe, Tomoe Iio, Misako Shibakura, Ryouko Shinohata, Shinichi Usui, Yujiro Arao, Satoru Ikeda, Nobuaki Miyahara, Mitsune Tanimoto, Mikio Kataoka

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Abstract

Lavender essential oil (Lvn) has anti-inflammatory effects in an ovalbumin-sensitized murine model of asthma, and inhibits inflammatory cell infiltration into the lungs. The anti-inflammatory effects of Lvn on cell adhesion molecules are not clear. Here we evaluated the effects of Lvn and its main constituents, linalyl acetate (LA) and linalool (LO), on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced cell adhesion molecules in murine brain endothelial bEnd.3 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The bEnd.3 cells were treated with Lvn, LA, or LO and subsequently stimulated with TNF-α. The mRNA expression levels of cell adhesion molecules were detected using RT-PCR. E-selectin and P-selectin protein and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 were detected by western blotting. The effects of Lvn on HUVECs were measured by RT-PCR. In bEnd.3 cells, Lvn and LA suppressed TNF-α-induced E-selectin, P-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 in the nucleus; LO did not suppress P-selectin or phosphorylated-NF-κB p65. Lvn inhibited TNF-α-induced E-selectin mRNA in HUVECs. These results indicate that Lvn and LA inhibit TNF-α-induced cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells through the suppression of NF-κB activation. Consequently, Lvn or other essential oils including LA may be useful as alternative anti-inflammatory medicines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-503
Number of pages11
JournalActa Medica Okayama
Volume71
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

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Endothelial cells
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Volatile Oils
Endothelial Cells
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
P-Selectin
E-Selectin
Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Messenger RNA
Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
Ovalbumin
Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
Infiltration
Medicine
Brain
Asthma
Western Blotting
Chemical activation

Keywords

  • Cell adhesion molecule
  • Inflammation
  • Lavender essential oil
  • Linalyl acetate
  • NF-κB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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title = "Lavender essential oil and its main constituents inhibit the expression of tnf-α-induced cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells",
abstract = "Lavender essential oil (Lvn) has anti-inflammatory effects in an ovalbumin-sensitized murine model of asthma, and inhibits inflammatory cell infiltration into the lungs. The anti-inflammatory effects of Lvn on cell adhesion molecules are not clear. Here we evaluated the effects of Lvn and its main constituents, linalyl acetate (LA) and linalool (LO), on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced cell adhesion molecules in murine brain endothelial bEnd.3 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The bEnd.3 cells were treated with Lvn, LA, or LO and subsequently stimulated with TNF-α. The mRNA expression levels of cell adhesion molecules were detected using RT-PCR. E-selectin and P-selectin protein and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 were detected by western blotting. The effects of Lvn on HUVECs were measured by RT-PCR. In bEnd.3 cells, Lvn and LA suppressed TNF-α-induced E-selectin, P-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 in the nucleus; LO did not suppress P-selectin or phosphorylated-NF-κB p65. Lvn inhibited TNF-α-induced E-selectin mRNA in HUVECs. These results indicate that Lvn and LA inhibit TNF-α-induced cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells through the suppression of NF-κB activation. Consequently, Lvn or other essential oils including LA may be useful as alternative anti-inflammatory medicines.",
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author = "Michinori Aoe and Tomoe Iio and Misako Shibakura and Ryouko Shinohata and Shinichi Usui and Yujiro Arao and Satoru Ikeda and Nobuaki Miyahara and Mitsune Tanimoto and Mikio Kataoka",
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AU - Aoe, Michinori

AU - Iio, Tomoe

AU - Shibakura, Misako

AU - Shinohata, Ryouko

AU - Usui, Shinichi

AU - Arao, Yujiro

AU - Ikeda, Satoru

AU - Miyahara, Nobuaki

AU - Tanimoto, Mitsune

AU - Kataoka, Mikio

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Lavender essential oil (Lvn) has anti-inflammatory effects in an ovalbumin-sensitized murine model of asthma, and inhibits inflammatory cell infiltration into the lungs. The anti-inflammatory effects of Lvn on cell adhesion molecules are not clear. Here we evaluated the effects of Lvn and its main constituents, linalyl acetate (LA) and linalool (LO), on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced cell adhesion molecules in murine brain endothelial bEnd.3 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The bEnd.3 cells were treated with Lvn, LA, or LO and subsequently stimulated with TNF-α. The mRNA expression levels of cell adhesion molecules were detected using RT-PCR. E-selectin and P-selectin protein and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 were detected by western blotting. The effects of Lvn on HUVECs were measured by RT-PCR. In bEnd.3 cells, Lvn and LA suppressed TNF-α-induced E-selectin, P-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 in the nucleus; LO did not suppress P-selectin or phosphorylated-NF-κB p65. Lvn inhibited TNF-α-induced E-selectin mRNA in HUVECs. These results indicate that Lvn and LA inhibit TNF-α-induced cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells through the suppression of NF-κB activation. Consequently, Lvn or other essential oils including LA may be useful as alternative anti-inflammatory medicines.

AB - Lavender essential oil (Lvn) has anti-inflammatory effects in an ovalbumin-sensitized murine model of asthma, and inhibits inflammatory cell infiltration into the lungs. The anti-inflammatory effects of Lvn on cell adhesion molecules are not clear. Here we evaluated the effects of Lvn and its main constituents, linalyl acetate (LA) and linalool (LO), on the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced cell adhesion molecules in murine brain endothelial bEnd.3 cells and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). The bEnd.3 cells were treated with Lvn, LA, or LO and subsequently stimulated with TNF-α. The mRNA expression levels of cell adhesion molecules were detected using RT-PCR. E-selectin and P-selectin protein and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 were detected by western blotting. The effects of Lvn on HUVECs were measured by RT-PCR. In bEnd.3 cells, Lvn and LA suppressed TNF-α-induced E-selectin, P-selectin, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, and phosphorylated-NF-κB p65 in the nucleus; LO did not suppress P-selectin or phosphorylated-NF-κB p65. Lvn inhibited TNF-α-induced E-selectin mRNA in HUVECs. These results indicate that Lvn and LA inhibit TNF-α-induced cell adhesion molecules in endothelial cells through the suppression of NF-κB activation. Consequently, Lvn or other essential oils including LA may be useful as alternative anti-inflammatory medicines.

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