Language processing in the human brain of literate and illiterate subjects

Xiujun Li, Zhenglong Lin, Jinglong Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) or positron emission tomography (PET), much knowledge has been gained in understanding how the brain is activated during controlled experiments of language tasks in educated healthy subjects and in uneducated healthy subjects. While previous studies have compared performance between alphabetic subjects, few data were about Chinese-speaking individuals. In alphabetic subjects, studies indicate that the literates surpass the illiterates, especially in tasks involving phonological processing, and that different activation regions in fMRI are located between Broca's area and the inferior parietal cortex, as well as the posterior-mid-insula bridge between Wernicke's and Broca's area. In Chinese subjects, the results were shown in silent word recognition tasks (the left inferior/middle frontal gyrus and bilateral superior temporal gyri) and in silent picture-naming tasks (the bilateral inferior/middle fontal gyri and left limbic cingulated gyrus). In this study, the authors use some recent fMRI data to investigate language processing in the human brain of literate and illiterate subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputational Linguistics
Subtitle of host publicationConcepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
PublisherIGI Global
Pages1391-1400
Number of pages10
Volume3-3
ISBN (Electronic)9781466660434
ISBN (Print)1466660422, 9781466660427
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 31 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Li, X., Lin, Z., & Wu, J. (2014). Language processing in the human brain of literate and illiterate subjects. In Computational Linguistics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (Vol. 3-3, pp. 1391-1400). IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-4666-6042-7.ch068