To facilitate the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment patients, we developed a cantilever-based microsensor that immobilized liposomes of various phospholipids to detect a trace amount of amyloid β (Aβ) protein, and investigated its aggregation and fibrillization on model cell membranes in human serum. Three species of liposomes composed of different phospholipids of 1,2-dipalmtoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), DPPC/phosphatidyl ethanolamine and 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphorylglycerol having varied hydrophilic groups were applied, which showed different chronological interactions with Aβ(1–40) protein and varied sensitivities of the cantilever sensor, depending on their specific electrostatic charged conditions, hydrophilicity, and membrane fluidity. 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) having short hydrophobic carbon chains confirmed to show a large interaction with Aβ(1–40) and a high sensitivity. Furthermore, the incorporation of cholesterol into DMPC was effective to selectively detect Aβ(1–40) in human serum, which effect was also checked by quartz crystal microbalance. Finally, Aβ detection of 100-pM order was expected selectively in the serum by using the developed biosensor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology