l-2,4-diaminobutyric acid decarboxylase activity responsible for the formation of 1,3-diaminopropane in Enterobacter aerogenes

Hiroshi Nakao, Keiko Takeuchi, Sumio Shinoda, Shigeo Yamamoto

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High content of l-2,4-diaminopropane (DAP), a normally minor derivative of polyamine metabolism, have been observed in cells of Enterobacter aerogenes. Supplementation of the growth medium with l-2,4-diaminobutyric acid (L-DABA) resulted in increased production of DAP, but not if supplemented with spermidine. On the basis of these observations, the biosynthetic route for DAP was evaluated. It has appeared that this bacterium possesses a novel enzyme activity catalysing the formation of DAP from L-DABA. Lack of the activity for oxidative cleavage of spermidine yielding DAP suggests that the enzyme termed DABA decarboxylase in responsible for the formation of DAP in this bacterium. The enzyme was partially purified 360-fold and some properties were examined. The pH optimum for the activity was 7.75-8.0, and the enzyme showed an absolute requirement for pyridoxal 5′-phosphate with the Km value of 41 μM. The Km value for L-DABA was 0.32 mM, and neither l-2,4-diaminopropionic acid, l-ornithine nor l-lysine showed detectable substrate activity towards the partially purified enzyme. Mg2+ and dithiothreitol greatly activated the enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
Number of pages6
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 1990



  • Decarboxylase
  • Diamine
  • Enterobacter
  • Polyamine distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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