Kunitz-type protease inhibitor bikunin disrupts phorbol ester-induced oligomerization of CD44 variant isoforms containing epitope v9 and subsequently suppresses expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator in human chondrosarcoma cells

Mika Suzuki, Hiroshi Kobayashi, Michio Fujie, Takashi Nishida, Masaharu Takigawa, Naohiro Kanayama, Toshihiko Terao

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27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We previously found that bikunin (bik), a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses phorbol ester (PMA)-stimulated expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). In the present study, we tried to answer this mechanism using human chondrosarcoma HCS-2/8 cells. Our results showed the following novel findings: (a) the standard form of CD44 (CD44s; 85 kDa) is expressed in both unstimulated and PMA-stimulated cells, while CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 (110 kDa) are strongly up-regulated in response to treatment with PMA; (b) CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 present on the same cell exclusively form aggregates in stimulated cells; (c) induction of uPA mRNA expression could be achieved by using a second cross-linker antibody to cross-link Fab monomers of anti-CD44; (d) co-treatment of stimulated cells with anti-CD44 mAb alone or anti-CD44v9 mAb alone suppresses PMA-induced clustering of CD44, which results in inhibition of uPA overexpression; (e) bikunin efficiently disrupts PMA-induced clustering of CD44, but does not prevent PMA-induced upregulation of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9; and (f) after exposure to bik, ∼150-kDa band is mainly detected with immunoprecipitation and this band is shown to be a heterodimer composed of the 110-kDa v9-containing CD44v isoforms and a 45-kDa bik receptor (bik-R). In conclusion, we provide, for the first time, evidence that the bik-R can physically interact with the CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 and function as a repressor to down-regulate PMA-stimulated uPA expression, at least in part, by preventing clustering of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8022-8032
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 8 2002

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Oligomerization
Chondrosarcoma
Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
Phorbol Esters
Protease Inhibitors
Epitopes
Protein Isoforms
Cluster Analysis
Immunoprecipitation
Up-Regulation
Down-Regulation
Monomers
Messenger RNA
Antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Kunitz-type protease inhibitor bikunin disrupts phorbol ester-induced oligomerization of CD44 variant isoforms containing epitope v9 and subsequently suppresses expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator in human chondrosarcoma cells",
abstract = "We previously found that bikunin (bik), a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses phorbol ester (PMA)-stimulated expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). In the present study, we tried to answer this mechanism using human chondrosarcoma HCS-2/8 cells. Our results showed the following novel findings: (a) the standard form of CD44 (CD44s; 85 kDa) is expressed in both unstimulated and PMA-stimulated cells, while CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 (110 kDa) are strongly up-regulated in response to treatment with PMA; (b) CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 present on the same cell exclusively form aggregates in stimulated cells; (c) induction of uPA mRNA expression could be achieved by using a second cross-linker antibody to cross-link Fab monomers of anti-CD44; (d) co-treatment of stimulated cells with anti-CD44 mAb alone or anti-CD44v9 mAb alone suppresses PMA-induced clustering of CD44, which results in inhibition of uPA overexpression; (e) bikunin efficiently disrupts PMA-induced clustering of CD44, but does not prevent PMA-induced upregulation of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9; and (f) after exposure to bik, ∼150-kDa band is mainly detected with immunoprecipitation and this band is shown to be a heterodimer composed of the 110-kDa v9-containing CD44v isoforms and a 45-kDa bik receptor (bik-R). In conclusion, we provide, for the first time, evidence that the bik-R can physically interact with the CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 and function as a repressor to down-regulate PMA-stimulated uPA expression, at least in part, by preventing clustering of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9.",
author = "Mika Suzuki and Hiroshi Kobayashi and Michio Fujie and Takashi Nishida and Masaharu Takigawa and Naohiro Kanayama and Toshihiko Terao",
year = "2002",
month = "3",
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doi = "10.1074/jbc.M108545200",
language = "English",
volume = "277",
pages = "8022--8032",
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T1 - Kunitz-type protease inhibitor bikunin disrupts phorbol ester-induced oligomerization of CD44 variant isoforms containing epitope v9 and subsequently suppresses expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator in human chondrosarcoma cells

AU - Suzuki, Mika

AU - Kobayashi, Hiroshi

AU - Fujie, Michio

AU - Nishida, Takashi

AU - Takigawa, Masaharu

AU - Kanayama, Naohiro

AU - Terao, Toshihiko

PY - 2002/3/8

Y1 - 2002/3/8

N2 - We previously found that bikunin (bik), a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses phorbol ester (PMA)-stimulated expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). In the present study, we tried to answer this mechanism using human chondrosarcoma HCS-2/8 cells. Our results showed the following novel findings: (a) the standard form of CD44 (CD44s; 85 kDa) is expressed in both unstimulated and PMA-stimulated cells, while CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 (110 kDa) are strongly up-regulated in response to treatment with PMA; (b) CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 present on the same cell exclusively form aggregates in stimulated cells; (c) induction of uPA mRNA expression could be achieved by using a second cross-linker antibody to cross-link Fab monomers of anti-CD44; (d) co-treatment of stimulated cells with anti-CD44 mAb alone or anti-CD44v9 mAb alone suppresses PMA-induced clustering of CD44, which results in inhibition of uPA overexpression; (e) bikunin efficiently disrupts PMA-induced clustering of CD44, but does not prevent PMA-induced upregulation of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9; and (f) after exposure to bik, ∼150-kDa band is mainly detected with immunoprecipitation and this band is shown to be a heterodimer composed of the 110-kDa v9-containing CD44v isoforms and a 45-kDa bik receptor (bik-R). In conclusion, we provide, for the first time, evidence that the bik-R can physically interact with the CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 and function as a repressor to down-regulate PMA-stimulated uPA expression, at least in part, by preventing clustering of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9.

AB - We previously found that bikunin (bik), a Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, suppresses phorbol ester (PMA)-stimulated expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA). In the present study, we tried to answer this mechanism using human chondrosarcoma HCS-2/8 cells. Our results showed the following novel findings: (a) the standard form of CD44 (CD44s; 85 kDa) is expressed in both unstimulated and PMA-stimulated cells, while CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 (110 kDa) are strongly up-regulated in response to treatment with PMA; (b) CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 present on the same cell exclusively form aggregates in stimulated cells; (c) induction of uPA mRNA expression could be achieved by using a second cross-linker antibody to cross-link Fab monomers of anti-CD44; (d) co-treatment of stimulated cells with anti-CD44 mAb alone or anti-CD44v9 mAb alone suppresses PMA-induced clustering of CD44, which results in inhibition of uPA overexpression; (e) bikunin efficiently disrupts PMA-induced clustering of CD44, but does not prevent PMA-induced upregulation of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9; and (f) after exposure to bik, ∼150-kDa band is mainly detected with immunoprecipitation and this band is shown to be a heterodimer composed of the 110-kDa v9-containing CD44v isoforms and a 45-kDa bik receptor (bik-R). In conclusion, we provide, for the first time, evidence that the bik-R can physically interact with the CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9 and function as a repressor to down-regulate PMA-stimulated uPA expression, at least in part, by preventing clustering of CD44v isoforms containing epitope v9.

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