Konjak mosaic virus (KoMV) belongs to the genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae. The complete nucleotide sequence of KoMV F isolate (KoMV F) was determined. The genome is 9,544 nucleotides long excluding the 3′ terminal poly A tail and encodes a typical potyviral 350-kDa polyprotein of 3,087 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis using known potyvirus polyproteins shows that KoMV constitutes a branch with yam mosaic virus, close to another branch including Japanese yam mosaic virus, turnip mosaic virus, scallion mosaic virus and lettuce mosaic virus. The 3′ terminal 1,842 nucleotides of a different isolate of KoMV, K-2, was also determined, covering the C-terminal 292 amino acids of the nuclear inclusion protein b (NIb), coat protein (CP), and the 3′ untranslated region. The amino acid sequences of the KoMV F CP and the nucleotide sequences of the KoMV F 3′ untranslated region showed 92.5 and 90.5% identity to the corresponding genes of K-2, 88.7-96.8 and 92.7-94.4% to those of Zantedeschia mosaic virus (ZaMV) isolates, 87.5-89.7% and 85.5-90.3% to those of Japanese hornwort mosaic virus (JHMV) isolates. These results showed that KoMV is a distinct potyvirus and that KoMV, ZaMV, and JHMV are members of the same potyvirus species. Considering that KoMV was the first of these to be described, ZaMV and JHMV may be considered isolates of KoMV.
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