Knockout of ykcB, a Putative Glycosyltransferase, Leads to Reduced Susceptibility to Vancomycin in Bacillus subtilis

Kazuya Ishikawa, Riko Shirakawa, Daiki Takano, Tomoki Kosaki, Kazuyuki Furuta, Chikara Kaito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Vancomycin resistance of Gram-positive bacteria poses a serious health concern around the world. In this study, we searched for vancomycin-tolerant mutants from a gene deletion library of a model Gram-positive bacterium, Bacillus subtilis, to elucidate the mechanism of vancomycin resistance. We found that knockout of ykcB, a glycosyltransferase that is expected to utilize C55-P-glucose to glycosylate cell surface components, caused reduced susceptibility to vancomycin in B. subtilis. Knockout of ykcB altered the susceptibility to multiple antibiotics, including sensitization to b-lac-tams and increased the pathogenicity to silkworms. Furthermore, the ykcB-knockout mutant had (i) a decreased amount of lipoteichoic acid, (ii) decreased biofilm formation, and (iii) an increased content of diglucosyl diacylglycerol, a glycolipid that shares a precursor with C55-P-glucose. These phenotypes and vancomycin tolerance were abolished by knockout of ykcC, a gene in the same operon with ykcB probably involved in C55-P-glucose synthesis. Overexpression of ykcC enhanced vancomycin tolerance in both the parent strain and the ykcB-knockout mutant. These findings suggest that ykcB deficiency induces structural changes of cell surface molecules depending on the ykcC function, leading to reduced susceptibility to vancomycin, decreased biofilm formation, and increased pathogenicity to silkworms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume204
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Bacillus subtilis
  • glycosyltransferase
  • vancomycin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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