Kinematic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the normal shoulder: Assessment of the shapes and signals of the superior and inferior labra with abductive movement using an open-type imager

Izumi Togami, Nobuya Sasai, Masatoshi Tsunoda, Sei Tetsuro, Takayuki Yabuki, Takahiro Kitagawa, Masahiko Mitani, Shiro Akaki, Masahiro Kuroda, Yoshio Hiraki

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A preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the superior and inferior glenoid labra with abductive movement using an open-type MR unit in asymptomatic healthy volunteers. Both fast low angle shot (FLASH) and turbo spin echo (TSE) images were obtained to evaluate the shapes of both the superior and inferior labra, as well as to assess changes in signal at these sites. As the abduction angle was increased, the shape of the superior labrum changed from round or triangular to crescentic and a higher signal was frequently seen. At an abduction angle of 150 °, an increase in signal was seen in one-half of the superior labra; this increase was noted more frequently in volunteers over 40 years of age. In some of the superior labra, the increase in signal seen at 150° abduction disappeared on subsequent images obtained at 0 ° abduction. Hence, the increase in signal was considered to be a reversible change. The shape of the inferior labrum tended to change from crescentic to triangular or round. An increase in signal in the inferior labrum was unrelated to the abduction angle. Abductive kinematic studies using an open-type MR unit provides information about the morphology of the superior and inferior labra, as well as information about signal changes occurring at these sites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-243
Number of pages7
JournalActa Medica Okayama
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001



  • Glenoid labrum
  • Kinematic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • Open-type MRI
  • Shoulder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

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