Jurassic oceanic lithosphere beneath the southern Ontong Java Plateau: Evidence from xenoliths in alnöite, Malaita Solomon Islands

Akira Ishikawa, Eizou Nakamura, John J. Mahoney

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The least metasomatized xenoliths of spinel Iherzolite and gabbro recovered from alnöite intruding crust of the southern Ontong Java Plateau on the island of Malaita yield an Sm-Nd age of ca. 160 Ma and an initial εNd value of ∼+8. In contrast, the plateau basement is ca. 120 Ma with initial εNd between +3.7 and +6.5. The xenoliths appear to represent normal Pacific oceanic lithosphere (uppermost mantle and lower crust) formed ∼40 m.y. before the plateau, indicating that the southern part of the plateau was emplaced off axis on mature seafloor. The closest 160 Ma seafloor to Malaita is >1800 km to the north, off the northeastern margin of the plateau, implying the presence of either an intervening large-offset fracture zone or a triple junction. The presence of significantly older oceanic lithosphere beneath the plateau places restrictions on proposed origins for the plateau.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-396
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume33
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

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Keywords

  • Mantle plume
  • Oceanic lithosphere
  • Ontong Java Plateau
  • Sm-Nd age
  • Xenoliths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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