The centromere is a multi-functional complex comprising centromeric DNA and a number of proteins. To isolate unidentified centromeric DNA sequences, centromere-specific histone H3 variants (CENH3) and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) have been utilized in some plant species. However, anti-CENH3 antibody for ChIP must be raised in each species because of its species specificity. Production of the antibodies is time-consuming and costly, and it is not easy to produce ChIP-grade antibodies. In this study, we applied a HaloTag7-based chromatin affinity purification system to isolate centromeric DNA sequences in tobacco. This system required no specific antibody, and made it possible to apply a highly stringent wash to remove contaminated DNA. As a result, we succeeded in isolating five tandem repetitive DNA sequences in addition to the centromeric retrotransposons that were previously identified by ChIP. Three of the tandem repeats were centromere-specific sequences located on different chromosomes. These results confirm the validity of the HaloTag7-based chromatin affinity purification system as an alternative method to ChIP for isolating unknown centromeric DNA sequences. The discovery of more than two chromosome-specific centromeric DNA sequences indicates the mosaic structure of tobacco centromeres.
- Centromere-specific histone H3
- Centromeric DNA sequence
- Chromatin immunoprecipitation and ChIP
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science
- Agronomy and Crop Science