We describe a technique for isolation and primary culture of bovine hepatocytes, and their metabolic characterization. Hepatocytes were isolated from the caudate lobe of bovine liver by perfusion with 0.25 mM ethylene-glycol tetraacetic acid and 0.05% collagenase. The viability and yield of the cells were 70-92% and 0.1-3.6 x 10(7) cells/g liver, respectively. When the isolated hepatocytes were cultured in Williams' medium E, they began to spread in 3 hr and formed monolayers in 24 hr. These monolayers were retained for at least 6 days. To monitor the metabolic activities specific to liver, synthesis and secretion of albumin were measured by labeling with [35S]-methionine and immunoprecipitation. This activity was low in isolated hepatocytes, but increased after culturing 1-3 days, and decreased again after 6 days. Glycogenolytic activity was also assessed by measuring glucose release to the medium by stimulation with epinephrine. The glycogenolytic response to epinephrine was also enhanced by culturing the hepatocytes 1-3 days, but was decreased after 6 days. Since the isolated bovine hepatocytes retained the liver-specific activities of albumin synthesis and glycogenolysis for several days in culture, these cells are useful for cellular and molecular studies on the functions of bovine liver.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Veterinary Medical Science|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 1994|
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