Isolation and identification of dieldrin-degrading Pseudonocardia sp. strain KSF27 using a soil-charcoal perfusion method with aldrin trans-diol as a structural analog of dieldrin

Futa Sakakibara, Kazuhiro Takagi, Ryota Kataoka, Hiromasa Kiyota, Yuuki Sato, Sanae Okada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We isolated a novel aerobic dieldrin-degrading bacterium from an enrichment culture in a soil-charcoal perfusion system. Enrichment culture using a soil-charcoal perfusion system was an effective way to obtain microorganisms that degrade recalcitrant compounds. The soil-charcoal perfusion was performed using aldrin trans-diol, which was a metabolite of dieldrin. Aldrin trans-diol had higher bioavailability (2.5. mg/l) than dieldrin (0.1-0.25. mg/l), therefore it is possible for microorganisms to utilize it as a substrate in soil. After 100. days of circulation and three exchanges of the medium, the enriched charcoal was harvested and a bacterium isolated. The isolate was designated as strain KSF27 and was found to be closely related to Pseudonocardia spp. as determined by 16S rRNA sequencing analysis. Strain KSF27 degraded aldrin trans-diol by 0.05 μmol/l from an initial concentration of 25.5 μmol/l. The metabolite of aldrin trans-diol was detected by HPLC/MS and determined to be aldrindicarboxylic acid based on retention time and the MS fragment. Moreover, strain KSF27 degraded dieldrin from 14.06 μmol/l to 2.01 μmol/l over a 10-day incubation at 30 °C. This strain degraded dieldrin and other persistent organochlorine pesticides, such as α-endosulfan, β-endosulfan, endosulfan sulfate, heptachlor, heptachlor epoxide and chlordecone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume411
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 22 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aldrin trans-diol
  • Biodegradation
  • Dieldrin
  • Pseudonocardia
  • Soil-charcoal perfusion method
  • Structural analog

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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