Isolation and characterization of a Photosystem II complex from the red alga Cyanidium caldarium

association of cytochrome c-550 and a 12 kDa protein with the complex

Isao Enami, Hiroshi Murayama, Hisataka Ohta, Masaharu Kamo, Katsuyoshi Nakazato, Jian-Ren Shen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A Photosystem II (PS II) complex was purified from an acidophilic as well as a thermophilic red alga, Cyanidium caldarium. The purified PS II complex was essentially devoid of phycobiliproteins and other contaminating components, and showed a high oxygen-evolving activity of 2375 μmol O2/mg Chl per h using phenyl-p-benzoquinone as the electron acceptor. The expression of this high activity did not require addition of exogenous Ca2+, although EDTA reduced the activity by 40%. This effect of EDTA can be reversed not only by Ca2+ but also by Mg2+; a similar Mg2+ effect has been observed in purified cyanobacterial PS II but not in higher plant PS II. Immunoblotting analysis indicated the presence of major intrinsic polypeptides commonly found in PS II from cyanobacteria and higher plants as well as the extrinsic 33 kDa protein. Antibodies against the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins of higher plant PS II, however, did not crossreact with any polypeptides in the purified PS II, indicating the absence of these proteins in the red alga. In contrast, two other extrinsic proteins of 17 and 12 kDa were present in the red algal PS II; they were released by 1 M Tris or Urea/NaCl treatment but not by 1 M NaCl. The 17 kDa polypeptide was identified to be cytochrome c-550 from heme-staining, immunoblot analysis and N-terminal amino acid sequencing, and the 12 kDa protein was found to be homologous to the 12 kDa extrinsic protein of cyanobacterial PS II from its N-terminal sequence. These results indicate that PS II from the red alga is closely related to PS II from cyanobacteria rather than to that from higher plants, and that the replacement of PS II extrinsic cytochrome c-550 and the 12 kDa protein by the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins occurred during evolution from red algae to green algae and higher plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-216
Number of pages9
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics
Volume1232
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 12 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cytochromes a
Rhodophyta
Photosystem II Protein Complex
Algae
Cytochromes c
Proteins
Cyanobacteria
Edetic Acid
Peptides
Phycobiliproteins
Plant Proteins
Chlorophyta
Protein Sequence Analysis
Heme
Immunoblotting

Keywords

  • (Red algae)
  • Cytochrome c-550
  • Extrinsic protein
  • Oxygen evolution
  • Photosystem II
  • Protein, 12 kDa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Isolation and characterization of a Photosystem II complex from the red alga Cyanidium caldarium : association of cytochrome c-550 and a 12 kDa protein with the complex. / Enami, Isao; Murayama, Hiroshi; Ohta, Hisataka; Kamo, Masaharu; Nakazato, Katsuyoshi; Shen, Jian-Ren.

In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics, Vol. 1232, No. 3, 12.12.1995, p. 208-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A Photosystem II (PS II) complex was purified from an acidophilic as well as a thermophilic red alga, Cyanidium caldarium. The purified PS II complex was essentially devoid of phycobiliproteins and other contaminating components, and showed a high oxygen-evolving activity of 2375 μmol O2/mg Chl per h using phenyl-p-benzoquinone as the electron acceptor. The expression of this high activity did not require addition of exogenous Ca2+, although EDTA reduced the activity by 40{\%}. This effect of EDTA can be reversed not only by Ca2+ but also by Mg2+; a similar Mg2+ effect has been observed in purified cyanobacterial PS II but not in higher plant PS II. Immunoblotting analysis indicated the presence of major intrinsic polypeptides commonly found in PS II from cyanobacteria and higher plants as well as the extrinsic 33 kDa protein. Antibodies against the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins of higher plant PS II, however, did not crossreact with any polypeptides in the purified PS II, indicating the absence of these proteins in the red alga. In contrast, two other extrinsic proteins of 17 and 12 kDa were present in the red algal PS II; they were released by 1 M Tris or Urea/NaCl treatment but not by 1 M NaCl. The 17 kDa polypeptide was identified to be cytochrome c-550 from heme-staining, immunoblot analysis and N-terminal amino acid sequencing, and the 12 kDa protein was found to be homologous to the 12 kDa extrinsic protein of cyanobacterial PS II from its N-terminal sequence. These results indicate that PS II from the red alga is closely related to PS II from cyanobacteria rather than to that from higher plants, and that the replacement of PS II extrinsic cytochrome c-550 and the 12 kDa protein by the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins occurred during evolution from red algae to green algae and higher plants.",
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T1 - Isolation and characterization of a Photosystem II complex from the red alga Cyanidium caldarium

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AU - Enami, Isao

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AU - Ohta, Hisataka

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AU - Nakazato, Katsuyoshi

AU - Shen, Jian-Ren

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N2 - A Photosystem II (PS II) complex was purified from an acidophilic as well as a thermophilic red alga, Cyanidium caldarium. The purified PS II complex was essentially devoid of phycobiliproteins and other contaminating components, and showed a high oxygen-evolving activity of 2375 μmol O2/mg Chl per h using phenyl-p-benzoquinone as the electron acceptor. The expression of this high activity did not require addition of exogenous Ca2+, although EDTA reduced the activity by 40%. This effect of EDTA can be reversed not only by Ca2+ but also by Mg2+; a similar Mg2+ effect has been observed in purified cyanobacterial PS II but not in higher plant PS II. Immunoblotting analysis indicated the presence of major intrinsic polypeptides commonly found in PS II from cyanobacteria and higher plants as well as the extrinsic 33 kDa protein. Antibodies against the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins of higher plant PS II, however, did not crossreact with any polypeptides in the purified PS II, indicating the absence of these proteins in the red alga. In contrast, two other extrinsic proteins of 17 and 12 kDa were present in the red algal PS II; they were released by 1 M Tris or Urea/NaCl treatment but not by 1 M NaCl. The 17 kDa polypeptide was identified to be cytochrome c-550 from heme-staining, immunoblot analysis and N-terminal amino acid sequencing, and the 12 kDa protein was found to be homologous to the 12 kDa extrinsic protein of cyanobacterial PS II from its N-terminal sequence. These results indicate that PS II from the red alga is closely related to PS II from cyanobacteria rather than to that from higher plants, and that the replacement of PS II extrinsic cytochrome c-550 and the 12 kDa protein by the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins occurred during evolution from red algae to green algae and higher plants.

AB - A Photosystem II (PS II) complex was purified from an acidophilic as well as a thermophilic red alga, Cyanidium caldarium. The purified PS II complex was essentially devoid of phycobiliproteins and other contaminating components, and showed a high oxygen-evolving activity of 2375 μmol O2/mg Chl per h using phenyl-p-benzoquinone as the electron acceptor. The expression of this high activity did not require addition of exogenous Ca2+, although EDTA reduced the activity by 40%. This effect of EDTA can be reversed not only by Ca2+ but also by Mg2+; a similar Mg2+ effect has been observed in purified cyanobacterial PS II but not in higher plant PS II. Immunoblotting analysis indicated the presence of major intrinsic polypeptides commonly found in PS II from cyanobacteria and higher plants as well as the extrinsic 33 kDa protein. Antibodies against the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins of higher plant PS II, however, did not crossreact with any polypeptides in the purified PS II, indicating the absence of these proteins in the red alga. In contrast, two other extrinsic proteins of 17 and 12 kDa were present in the red algal PS II; they were released by 1 M Tris or Urea/NaCl treatment but not by 1 M NaCl. The 17 kDa polypeptide was identified to be cytochrome c-550 from heme-staining, immunoblot analysis and N-terminal amino acid sequencing, and the 12 kDa protein was found to be homologous to the 12 kDa extrinsic protein of cyanobacterial PS II from its N-terminal sequence. These results indicate that PS II from the red alga is closely related to PS II from cyanobacteria rather than to that from higher plants, and that the replacement of PS II extrinsic cytochrome c-550 and the 12 kDa protein by the extrinsic 23 and 17 kDa proteins occurred during evolution from red algae to green algae and higher plants.

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