Isolated cerebral and myocardial perfusion during aortic arch repair in neonates

Z. Masuda, K. Ishino, G. Kato, A. Ito, T. Asai, M. Kuriyama, Y. Oshima, M. Kawada, S. Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives. To prevent possible neurologic injury after hypothermic circulatory arrest, aortic arch obstruction with cardiac defects is repaired in one stage using isolated cerebral and myocardial perfusion (ICMP). This study investigated serum S-100 protein (S-100) levels in neonates undergoing ICMP. Methods. Between February 2000 and January 2001, 19 neonate patients underwent repair of critical congenital heart defects. Seven of these patients with aortic coarctation (n = 3) or interrupted aortic arch (n = 4) with ventricular septal defect (ICMP group) underwent primary total repair. An arterial cannula was inserted either into the ascending aorta or into a polytetrafluoroethylene graft which was anastomosed to the innominate artery. During arch repair, a cross-clamp was placed between the innominate and left carotid arteries, and an end-to-end arch anastomosis was performed with cerebral perfusion and heart beating. During ICMP the flow was reduced to maintain a radial artery pressure of 30-45 mmHg. The remaining 12 patients underwent complete transposition of great arteries (n = 9) or total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (n = 3) using a cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with flow of 150-180 ml/kg/min (control group). Sequential blood samples for S-100 determinations were taken after induction of anesthesia, 30 min after aortic declamping(post-ACC), 30 min after CPB, and 24 hr after CPB. Results. There were no early and late deaths. Neurologic symptoms were not observed in any patients. Mean ICMP time in ICMP group was 17 ± 4 min. In all patients, S-100 showed the highest value post-ACC and then declined with time. There were no differences in S-100 between the groups at any other time point. Conclusions. Selective cerebral perfusion through the innominate artery may be able to maintain brain circulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-168
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of cardiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Cardiac surgery
  • Congenital heart disease (aortic coarctation, interrupted aortic arch)
  • Hypoxia (S-100 protein)
  • Prevention (neurologic injury)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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