Aminopeptidase A (APA; EC 188.8.131.52) is a transmembrane metalloprotease with several functions in tumor angiogenesis. To investigate the role of APA in the process of ischemia-induced angiogenesis, we evaluated the cellular angiogenic responses under hypoxic conditions and the process of perfusion recovery in the hindlimb ischemia model of APA-deficient (APA-KO; C57Bl6/J strain) mice. Western blotting of endothelial cells (ECs) isolated from the aorta of APA-KO mice revealed that the accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) protein in response to hypoxic challenge was blunted. Regarding the proteasomal ubiquitination, a proteasome inhibitor MG-132 restored the reduced accumulation of HIF-1α in ECs from APA-KO mice similar to control mice under hypoxic conditions. These were associated with decreased growth factor secretion and capillary formation in APA-KO mice. In the hindlimb ischemia model, perfusion recovery in APA-KO mice was decreased in accordance with a significantly lower capillary density at 2 weeks. Regarding vasculogenesis, no differences were observed in cell populations and distribution patterns between wild type and APA-KO mice in relation to endothelial progenitor cells. Our results suggested that Ischemia-induced angiogenesis is impaired in APA-KO mice partly through decreased HIF-1α stability by proteasomal degradation and subsequent suppression of HIF-1α-driven target protein expression such as growth factors. APA is a functional target for ischemia-induced angiogenesis.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 12 2010|
- Aminopeptidase A
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology