Ionic diffusion coefficients of Cs+, Pb2+, Sm3+, Ni2+, SeO2- 4 and TcO- 4 in free water determined from conductivity measurements

Haruo Sato, Mikazu Yui, Hideki Yoshikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ionic diffusion coefficients for Cs+, Pb2+, Sm3+, Ni2+, SeO2- 4 and TcO- 4 in free water (Do) were determined at room temperature by measuring conductivity. The Do values were derived based on the Nernst-Einstein equation. The limiting ionic equivalent conductivities (λo) for Cs+, Pb2+, Sm3+, Ni2+ and SeO2- 4 were derived based on Kolrausch's square-root law and that for TcO- 4 was derived from the relation between the concentration of TcO- 4 in the solution and the λ because of its weak electrolyte. The Do values were in a range of 1.4 to 2.2×10-9m2/s. The Do values for Cs+, Pb2+, Sm3+, Ni2+ and SeO2- 4 and those found in the literature showed good agreement. The Do for TcO- 4, which was previously unknown, was determined to be 1.95×10-9m2/s, which is similar to that for analogous chemical species. The variation in Do has been expected to be approximately one order of magnitude at constant temperature and all Do values determined in this work were in this range. The variation in activation energy for diffusion for some important ions was less than a factor of two and it is concluded that the temperature dependence of Do is approximately the same.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)950-955
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Science and Technology
Volume33
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

ionic diffusion
diffusion coefficient
conductivity
Einstein equations
water
Water
electrolytes
activation energy
Temperature
temperature dependence
room temperature
Activation energy
Electrolytes
ions
Ions
temperature

Keywords

  • Activation energy
  • Cesium ions
  • Diffusion coefficient
  • Lead ions
  • Limiting ionic equivalent conductivity
  • Nernst-Einstein equation
  • Nickel ions
  • Samarium ions
  • Selenium ions
  • Technetium ions
  • Temperature dependence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

Ionic diffusion coefficients of Cs+, Pb2+, Sm3+, Ni2+, SeO2- 4 and TcO- 4 in free water determined from conductivity measurements. / Sato, Haruo; Yui, Mikazu; Yoshikawa, Hideki.

In: Journal of Nuclear Science and Technology, Vol. 33, No. 12, 12.1996, p. 950-955.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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