The ion-nitriding behaviour of four iron alloys containing between 0.11 and 1.48 wt% titanium was investigated in the α-phase region to discuss kinetics of the growth of the nitriding layer. The ion-nitriding experiments have been made at 823 K. Two nitriding layers were observed: a thin surface layer which mainly consists of Fe4N; an internal nitriding layer beneath the surface layer, where the nitride formed was found to be TiN. The growth of the internal nitriding layer is controlled by a diffusion process of nitrogen in the matrix metal. The apparent diffusion coefficient of nitrogen in the nitriding layer, evaluated using the rate equation proposed for internal oxidation, increases linearly with the volume fraction of titanium nitride. Furthermore, by excluding the effect of the titanium nitride from the apparent diffusion coefficient, the diffusion coefficient of nitrogen in α-iron was calculated, being in good agreement with that reported so far. In addition, the increase in hardness in the internal nitriding layer has been discussed.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering