Ion competition effects on the selective absorption of radionuclides by komatsuna (Brassica rapa var. perviridis)

S. Ambe, T. Shinonaga, T. Ozaki, S. Enomoto, H. Yasuda, S. Uchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The selective absorption coefficient, which is a parameter of an uptake model of radionuclides by plants, was determined for various radionuclides by a multitracer technique. Komatsuna, Brassica rapa var. perviridis, was hydroponically cultivated in a nutrient solution containing a multitracer for 1 day. Nutrient concentration dependence of the selective absorption coefficient of various elements from Be to Re was obtained separately for leaves and roots. The selective absorption coefficients of these elements were, in general, found to decrease with an increase in the concentration of nutrient solutions. Regression equations of the power function for the selective absorption coefficients and the concentration of nutrient solutions were obtained for the leaves and roots. The effects of photon flux and growth stage of plants on the selective absorption coefficients were also studied. It was found that the photon flux influenced the accumulation of radionuclides in the roots but had no significant effect on the selective absorption coefficients for the leaves in 1-day cultivation with the multitracer. The selective absorption coefficients of Mn and Zn in the leaves of the plants at the development stage were higher than those at the maturation stage. For the other elements, no significant effects of the growth stage on the selective absorption coefficients were observed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-194
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental and Experimental Botany
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1999

Keywords

  • Brassica rapa var. perviridis
  • Ion competition
  • Komatsuna
  • Multitracer
  • Radionuclide
  • Selective absorption coefficient
  • Transfer factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

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