Involvement of transforming growth factor β1 in autocrine enhancement of gelatinase B secretion by murine metastatic colon carcinoma cells

Satoru Shimizu, Yohko Nishikawa, Kazuhiko Kuroda, Shoko Takagi, Ken Ichi Kozaki, Sumiko Hyuga, Shinsuke Saga, Mutsushi Matsuyama

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Abstract

We have reported previously that highly metastatic LuM1 cells derived from coins carcinoma colon 26 secrete larger amounts of gelatinase B than NM11 cells with poor metastatic potential, and that an increase in this gelatinase B secretion can be induced by autocrine factors (Hyuga et al., Cancer Res., 54: 3611-3616, 1994). In the present study, a partial characterization was achieved by comparison of the autocrine factor preparation (fraction G) from serum-free medium conditioned with metastatic LuM1 cells with soluble factors known to stimulate gelatinase B secretion. Secretion of gelatinase B by LuM1 cells was augmented by tumor necrosis factor α, transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1), interleukin 1β, or epidermal growth factor, and specific neutralizing antibodies abolished the induced increases. Platelet-derived growth factor and insulin-like growth factor 1 had no effect on gelatinase B secretion by LuM1 cells. The enhancement of gelatinase B secretion by fraction G was partially inhibited by the antibody to TGF-β1. TGF-β1 was detected in both active and latent forms in serum-free medium conditioned with LuM1 or NM11 cells, with the amount of TGF-β1 higher in the former case. Gelatinase B secretion by LuM1 cells was enhanced by the addition of TGF-β1 to the culture medium, but that by NM11 cells was not seriously affected, although the latter bound more of the factor. These results indicate the involvement of this growth factor in the autocrine stimulation of gelatinase B secretion by LuM1 cells. However, the autocrine factor effect was not fully explained by TGF-β1 in the medium, and the involvement of some other unknown factor(s) was thus indicated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3366-3370
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume56
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Shimizu, S., Nishikawa, Y., Kuroda, K., Takagi, S., Kozaki, K. I., Hyuga, S., Saga, S., & Matsuyama, M. (1996). Involvement of transforming growth factor β1 in autocrine enhancement of gelatinase B secretion by murine metastatic colon carcinoma cells. Cancer Research, 56(14), 3366-3370.