Involvement of SLC17A9-dependent vesicular exocytosis in the mechanism of ATP release during T cell activation

Akihiro Tokunaga, Mitsutoshi Tsukimoto, Hitoshi Harada, Yoshinori Moriyama, Shuji Kojima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent reports have shown that T cell receptor (TCR)-dependent ATP release from T cells is involved in production of interleukin-2 (IL-2) through activation of P2 receptors. Stimulation of TCR induces ATP release from T cells through gap junction hemichannels and maxianion channels, at least in part. However, the mechanisms of ATP release from activated T cells are not fully understood. Here, we studied the mechanisms of ATP release during TCR-dependent T cell activation by investigating the effects of various inhibitors on TCR-dependent ATP release from murine T cells. We found that not only anion channel and gap junction hemichannel inhibitors, but also exocytosis inhibitors suppressed the ATP release. These results suggest that ATP release from murine T cells is regulated by various mechanisms, including exocytosis. An inhibitor of exocytosis, bafilomycin A, significantly blocked TCR signaling, such as Ca 2+ elevation and IL-2 production. Furthermore, bafilomycin A, ectonucleotidase, and P2Y6 receptor antagonist significantly inhibited production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from external antigen-restimulated splenocytes, indicating that vesicular exocytosis-mediated purinergic signaling has a significant role in TCR-dependent cytokine production. We also detected vesicular ATP in murine T cells and human T lymphoma Jurkat cells, both of which also expressed mRNA of SLC17A9, a vesicular nucleotide transporter. Knock down of SLC17A9 in Jurkat cells markedly reduced ATP release and cytosolic Ca2+ elevation after TCR stimulation, suggesting involvement of SLC17A9-dependent vesicular exocytosis in ATP release and T cell activation. In conclusion, vesicular exocytosis of ATP appears to play a role in T cell activation and immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17406-17416
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 4 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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