Involvement of calcium ion in elevation of mRNA for γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-GCS) induced by low-dose γ-rays

K. Teshima, A. Yamamoto, K. Yamaoka, Y. Honda, S. Honda, T. Sasaki, S. Kojima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To investigate the mechanism of the intracellular glutathione elevation induced by low-dose γ-radiation. Materials and methods: RAW 264.7 cells were irradiated with 1-400cGy γ-rays. Intracellular total glutathione content was determined by DTNB-recycling assay. Expression of mRNA for intracellular glutathione synthesis-related enzymes with or without treatment with various inhibitors of second messengers of gene expression were examined by Northern blot analysis. Results: Expression of mRNA for γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase (γ-GCS), a rate-limiting enzyme of the de novo glutathione synthesis pathway, was elevated much more than that of glutathione reductase (GR) mRNA after exposure to 50cGy γ-rays. The low-dose γ-ray-induced γ-GCS mRNA elevation was abolished by inhibitors of protein kinase C and protein tyrosine kinase, as well as by the calcium ion channel blocker, nifedipine. Calcium-related reagents, such BAPTA/AM and EGTA, chelators of intra- and extracellular Ca2+ respectively, and a Ca2+ ionophore (A23187), also strongly blocked the elevation of γ-GCS mRNA expression induced by γ-rays. Conclusions: The increase of intracellular glutathione in RAW 264.7 soon after low-dose γ-ray exposure mainly occurs through the operation of the de novo pathway, following by the induction of γ-GCS mRNA, for which elevation of intracellular calcium is required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1631-1639
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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