Involvement of an Skp-like protein, PGN_0300, in the type IX secretion system of Porphyromonas gingivalis

Yuko Taguchi, Keiko Sato, Hideharu Yukitake, Tetsuyoshi Inoue, Masaaki Nakayama, Mariko Naito, Yoshio Kondo, Konami Kano, Tomonori Hoshino, Koji Nakayama, Shogo Takashiba, Naoya Ohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oral Gram-negative anaerobic bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis is an important pathogen involved in chronic periodontitis. Among its virulence factors, the major extracellular proteinases, Arg-gingipain and Lys-gingipain, are of interest given their abilities to degrade host proteins and process other virulence factors. Gingipains possess C-terminal domains (CTDs) and are translocated to the cell surface or into the extracellular milieu by the type IX secretion system (T9SS). Gingipains contribute to the colonial pigmentation of the bacterium on blood agar. In this study, Omp17, the PGN_0300 gene product, was found in the outer membrane fraction. A mutant lacking Omp17 did not show pigmentation on blood agar and showed reduced proteolytic activity of the gingipains. CTD-containing proteins were released from bacterial cells without cleavage of the CTDs in the omp17 mutant. Although synthesis of the anionic polysaccharide (A-LPS) was not affected in the omp17 mutant, the processing of and A-LPS modification of CTD-containing proteins was defective. PorU, a C-terminal signal peptidase that cleaves the CTDs of other CTD-containing proteins, was not detected in any membrane fraction of the omp17 mutant, suggesting that the defective maturation of CTD-containing proteins by impairment of Omp17 is partly due to loss of function of PorU. In the mouse subcutaneous infection experiment, the omp17 mutant was less virulent than the wild type. These results suggested that Omp17 is involved in P. gingivalis virulence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-240
Number of pages11
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume84
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Involvement of an Skp-like protein, PGN_0300, in the type IX secretion system of Porphyromonas gingivalis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this