Investigation into the Effect of Breast Volume on Irradiation Dose Distribution in Asian Women with Breast Cancer

Hinata Ishizaka, Masahiro Kuroda, Nouha Tekiki, Abdullah Khasawneh, Majd Barham, Kentaro Hamada, Kohei Konishi, Kohei Sugimoto, Kuniaki Katsui, Soichi Sugiyama, Kenta Watanabe, Kotaro Yoshio, Norihisa Katayama, Takeshi Ogata, Hiroki Ihara, Masataka Oita, Susumu Kanazawa, Jun-Ichi Asaumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Reports on irradiation dose distribution in breast cancer radiotherapy with sufficient sample size are limited in Asian patients. Elucidating dose distribution in Asian patients is particularly important as their breast volume differs compared to patients in Europe and North America. Here, we examined dose distribution in the irradiation field relative to breast volume for three irradiation methods historically used in our facility. We investigated the influence of breast volume on each irradiation method for Asian women. A total of 573 women with early-stage breast cancer were treated with breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy. Three methods were compared: wedge (W), field-in-field (FIF), and wedge-field-in-field (W-FIF). In patients with small breast volume, FIF decreased low- and high-dose areas within the planning target volume, and increased optimal dose area more than W. In patients with medium and large breast volumes, FIF decreased high-dose area more than W. The absolute values of correlation coefficients of breast volume to low-, optimal-, and high-dose areas and mean dose were significantly lower in FIF than in W. The correlation coefficients of V107% were 0.00 and 0.28 for FIF and W, respectively. FIF is an excellent irradiation method that is less affected by breast volume than W in Asian breast cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)307-314
Number of pages8
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume75
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • breast cancer
  • breast volume
  • dose distribution
  • irradiation method
  • radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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