Intraocular Relapse with Hypopyon and Retinal Infiltrates after Chemotherapy and Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation for Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma

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Abstract

We report a case of intraocular relapse of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with anterior chamber hypopyon and retinal infiltrates. A 55-year-old man developed fever, malaise, anorexia, and hepatosplenomegaly, and was diagnosed with NK/T-cell lymphoma by liver biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE (dexamethasone, methotrexate, ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, and etoposide) chemotherapy, followed by myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his brother. Two months later, he developed high-grade fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and peritoneal lymphadenopathy, and the relapse with hemophagocytic syndrome was diagnosed by bone marrow biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE salvage chemotherapy, followed by non-myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his son. Two months later, he noticed blurred vision in both eyes. The right eye had aqueous cells and keratic precipitates, but no retinal lesions. The left eye had hypopyon in the anterior chamber with numerous aqueous cells, and retinal white infiltrates with retinal hemorrhages. The aqueous cells, obtained by anterior chamber paracentesis, were positive for CD3, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA, but negative for CD20 by immunocytochemical staining. Head magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated white matter lesions in the anterior to parietal lobes on the right side. The patient underwent intrathecal methotrexate injection and external beam radiation at 40 Gy, covering the entire brain and both eyes. The retinal lesions and hypopyon disappeared. Two months later, the patient died of renal failure, and autopsy demonstrated multi-organ involvement of lymphoma cells. In conclusion, we report a case of NK/T-cell lymphoma relapse with intraocular lesions, after combined chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of clinical and experimental hematopathology : JCEH
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Extranodal NK-T-Cell Lymphoma
Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
Anterior Chamber
Recurrence
Drug Therapy
T-Cell Lymphoma
Methotrexate
Natural Killer Cells
Fever
Retinal Hemorrhage
Paracentesis
Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis
Biopsy
Asparaginase
Spinal Injections
Ifosfamide
Parietal Lobe
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Anorexia
Etoposide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{4b699a88fecb42e9a5ee596e3ca1b390,
title = "Intraocular Relapse with Hypopyon and Retinal Infiltrates after Chemotherapy and Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation for Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma",
abstract = "We report a case of intraocular relapse of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with anterior chamber hypopyon and retinal infiltrates. A 55-year-old man developed fever, malaise, anorexia, and hepatosplenomegaly, and was diagnosed with NK/T-cell lymphoma by liver biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE (dexamethasone, methotrexate, ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, and etoposide) chemotherapy, followed by myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his brother. Two months later, he developed high-grade fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and peritoneal lymphadenopathy, and the relapse with hemophagocytic syndrome was diagnosed by bone marrow biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE salvage chemotherapy, followed by non-myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his son. Two months later, he noticed blurred vision in both eyes. The right eye had aqueous cells and keratic precipitates, but no retinal lesions. The left eye had hypopyon in the anterior chamber with numerous aqueous cells, and retinal white infiltrates with retinal hemorrhages. The aqueous cells, obtained by anterior chamber paracentesis, were positive for CD3, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA, but negative for CD20 by immunocytochemical staining. Head magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated white matter lesions in the anterior to parietal lobes on the right side. The patient underwent intrathecal methotrexate injection and external beam radiation at 40 Gy, covering the entire brain and both eyes. The retinal lesions and hypopyon disappeared. Two months later, the patient died of renal failure, and autopsy demonstrated multi-organ involvement of lymphoma cells. In conclusion, we report a case of NK/T-cell lymphoma relapse with intraocular lesions, after combined chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.",
author = "Toshihiko Matsuo and Takehiro Tanaka and Kouichi Ichimura and Yusuke Meguri",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.3960/jslrt.55.157",
language = "English",
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pages = "157--161",
journal = "Journal of clinical and experimental hematopathology : JCEH",
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T1 - Intraocular Relapse with Hypopyon and Retinal Infiltrates after Chemotherapy and Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation for Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma

AU - Matsuo, Toshihiko

AU - Tanaka, Takehiro

AU - Ichimura, Kouichi

AU - Meguri, Yusuke

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - We report a case of intraocular relapse of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with anterior chamber hypopyon and retinal infiltrates. A 55-year-old man developed fever, malaise, anorexia, and hepatosplenomegaly, and was diagnosed with NK/T-cell lymphoma by liver biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE (dexamethasone, methotrexate, ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, and etoposide) chemotherapy, followed by myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his brother. Two months later, he developed high-grade fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and peritoneal lymphadenopathy, and the relapse with hemophagocytic syndrome was diagnosed by bone marrow biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE salvage chemotherapy, followed by non-myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his son. Two months later, he noticed blurred vision in both eyes. The right eye had aqueous cells and keratic precipitates, but no retinal lesions. The left eye had hypopyon in the anterior chamber with numerous aqueous cells, and retinal white infiltrates with retinal hemorrhages. The aqueous cells, obtained by anterior chamber paracentesis, were positive for CD3, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA, but negative for CD20 by immunocytochemical staining. Head magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated white matter lesions in the anterior to parietal lobes on the right side. The patient underwent intrathecal methotrexate injection and external beam radiation at 40 Gy, covering the entire brain and both eyes. The retinal lesions and hypopyon disappeared. Two months later, the patient died of renal failure, and autopsy demonstrated multi-organ involvement of lymphoma cells. In conclusion, we report a case of NK/T-cell lymphoma relapse with intraocular lesions, after combined chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

AB - We report a case of intraocular relapse of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with anterior chamber hypopyon and retinal infiltrates. A 55-year-old man developed fever, malaise, anorexia, and hepatosplenomegaly, and was diagnosed with NK/T-cell lymphoma by liver biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE (dexamethasone, methotrexate, ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, and etoposide) chemotherapy, followed by myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his brother. Two months later, he developed high-grade fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and peritoneal lymphadenopathy, and the relapse with hemophagocytic syndrome was diagnosed by bone marrow biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE salvage chemotherapy, followed by non-myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his son. Two months later, he noticed blurred vision in both eyes. The right eye had aqueous cells and keratic precipitates, but no retinal lesions. The left eye had hypopyon in the anterior chamber with numerous aqueous cells, and retinal white infiltrates with retinal hemorrhages. The aqueous cells, obtained by anterior chamber paracentesis, were positive for CD3, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA, but negative for CD20 by immunocytochemical staining. Head magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated white matter lesions in the anterior to parietal lobes on the right side. The patient underwent intrathecal methotrexate injection and external beam radiation at 40 Gy, covering the entire brain and both eyes. The retinal lesions and hypopyon disappeared. Two months later, the patient died of renal failure, and autopsy demonstrated multi-organ involvement of lymphoma cells. In conclusion, we report a case of NK/T-cell lymphoma relapse with intraocular lesions, after combined chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

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