We report a case of intraocular relapse of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with anterior chamber hypopyon and retinal infiltrates. A 55-year-old man developed fever, malaise, anorexia, and hepatosplenomegaly, and was diagnosed with NK/T-cell lymphoma by liver biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE (dexamethasone, methotrexate, ifosfamide, L-asparaginase, and etoposide) chemotherapy, followed by myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his brother. Two months later, he developed high-grade fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and peritoneal lymphadenopathy, and the relapse with hemophagocytic syndrome was diagnosed by bone marrow biopsy. He underwent 2 courses of SMILE salvage chemotherapy, followed by non-myeloablative peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, donated by his son. Two months later, he noticed blurred vision in both eyes. The right eye had aqueous cells and keratic precipitates, but no retinal lesions. The left eye had hypopyon in the anterior chamber with numerous aqueous cells, and retinal white infiltrates with retinal hemorrhages. The aqueous cells, obtained by anterior chamber paracentesis, were positive for CD3, CD56, and Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA, but negative for CD20 by immunocytochemical staining. Head magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated white matter lesions in the anterior to parietal lobes on the right side. The patient underwent intrathecal methotrexate injection and external beam radiation at 40 Gy, covering the entire brain and both eyes. The retinal lesions and hypopyon disappeared. Two months later, the patient died of renal failure, and autopsy demonstrated multi-organ involvement of lymphoma cells. In conclusion, we report a case of NK/T-cell lymphoma relapse with intraocular lesions, after combined chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of clinical and experimental hematopathology : JCEH|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
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