Interrelationships Between Serum Levels of Procalcitonin and Inflammatory Markers in Patients Who Visited a General Medicine Department

Jo Araki, Kosuke Oka, Koichiro Yamamoto, Yoshihisa Hanayama, Kazuki Tokumasu, Hideharu Hagiya, Hiroko Ogawa, Koichi Itoshima, Fumio Otsuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Various laboratory markers of inflammation are utilized in general practice, but their clinical diagnostic significance is often ambiguous. In the present study, we determined the clinical significance of the examination of serum levels of procalcitonin (PCT) by comparing the PCT levels with the levels of other inflammatory markers, based on a retrospective review of 332 PCT-positive patients, including cases of bacterial infection (20.5%), non-specific inflammation (20.8%), neoplasm (9.9%), connective tissue diseases (8.4%), and non-bacterial infection (7.2%), were analyzed. The serum PCT level was highest in the bacterial infection group (1.94 ng/ml) followed by the non-specific inflammatory group (0.58 ng/ml) and neoplastic diseases group (0.34 ng/ml). The serum PCT level was positively correlated with serum levels of C-reactive protein (rho=0.62), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R; rho=0.69), and ferritin, the plasma level of D-dimer, and white blood cell count, and negatively correlated with the serum albumin level (rho=−0.52), hemoglobin concentration, and platelet count. The serum PCT level showed a stronger positive correlation with the serum sIL-2R level than the other biomarkers. The results suggest that an increased PCT level may indicate not only an infectious state but also a non-bacterial inflammatory condition in the diagnostic process in general practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-306
Number of pages8
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume75
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • bacterial infection
  • inflammation
  • malignant lymphoma
  • procalcitonin
  • soluble interleukin-2 receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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