International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 360 Preliminary Report: Southwest Indian Ridge Lower Crust and Moho the nature of the lower crust and Moho at slower spreading ridges (SloMo Leg 1)

Henry J B Dick, Christopher J. MacLeod, Peter Blum, Natsue Abe, Donna K. Blackman, Julie A. Bowles, Michael J. Cheadle, Kyungo Cho, Jakub Ciązela, Jeremy R. Deans, Virginia P. Edgcomb, Carlotta Ferrando, Lydéric France, Biswajit Ghosh, Benoît M. Ildefonse, Mark A. Kendrick, Juergen H. Koepke, James A M Leong, Chuanzhou Liu, Qiang MaTomoaki Morishita, Antony Morris, James H. Natland, Toshio Nozaka, Oliver Pluemper, Alessio Sanfilippo, Jason B. Sylvan, Maurice A. Tivey, Riccardo Tribuzio, Luis G F Viegas, Lucas Kavanagh, Marion Burgio, Alejandra Martinez, Jiansong Zhang, Terry Skinner, James Samuel McLelland

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 360 was the first leg of Phase I of the SloMo (shorthand for "The nature of the lower crust and Moho at slower spreading ridges") Project, a multiphase drilling program that proposes to drill through the outermost of the global seismic velocity discontinuities, the Mohorovičić seismic discontinuity (Moho). The Moho corresponds to a compressional wave velocity increase, typically at ∼7 km beneath the oceans, and has generally been regarded as the boundary between crust and mantle. An alternative model, that the Moho is a hydration front in the mantle, has recently gained credence upon the discovery of abundant partially serpentinized peridotite on the seafloor and on the walls of fracture zones, such as at Atlantis Bank, an 11-13 My old elevated oceanic core complex massif adjacent to the Atlantis II Transform on the Southwest Indian Ridge. Hole U1473A was drilled on the summit of Atlantis Bank during IODP Expedition 360, 1-2 km away from two previous Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) holes: Hole 735B (drilled during ODP Leg 118 in 1987 and ODP Leg 176 in 1997) and Hole 1105A (drilled during ODP Leg 179 in 1998). A mantle peridotite/gabbro contact has been traced by dredging and diving along the transform wall for 40 km. The contact is located at ∼4200 m depth at the drill sites but shoals considerably 20 km to the south, where it was observed in outcrop at 2563 m depth. Moho reflections have, however, been found at ∼5-6 km beneath Atlantis Bank and

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-50
Number of pages50
JournalIntegrated Ocean Drilling Program: Preliminary Reports
Issue number360
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography

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    Dick, H. J. B., MacLeod, C. J., Blum, P., Abe, N., Blackman, D. K., Bowles, J. A., Cheadle, M. J., Cho, K., Ciązela, J., Deans, J. R., Edgcomb, V. P., Ferrando, C., France, L., Ghosh, B., Ildefonse, B. M., Kendrick, M. A., Koepke, J. H., Leong, J. A. M., Liu, C., ... McLelland, J. S. (2016). International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 360 Preliminary Report: Southwest Indian Ridge Lower Crust and Moho the nature of the lower crust and Moho at slower spreading ridges (SloMo Leg 1). Integrated Ocean Drilling Program: Preliminary Reports, (360), 1-50. https://doi.org/10.14379/iodp.pr.360.2016