International collaborative research on infectious diseases by Japanese universities and institutes in Asia and Africa, with a special emphasis on J-GRID

Sumio Shinoda, Daisuke Imamura, Tamaki Mizuno, Shin-ichi Miyoshi, Thandavrayan Ramamurthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In developed countries including Japan, malignant tumor (cancer) , heart disease and cerebral apoplexy are major causes of death, but infectious diseases are still responsible for a high number of deaths in developing countries, especially among children aged less than 5 years. World Health Statistics published by WHO reports a high percentage of mortality from infectious diseases in children, and many of these diseases may be subject to transmission across borders and could possibly invade Japan. Given this situation, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan initiated Phase I of the Program of Founding Research Centers for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Disease, which ran from FY 2005 to 2009, and involved 8 Japanese universities and 2 research centers. The program was established for the following purposes: 1) creation of a domestic research structure to promote the accumulation of fundamental knowledge about infectious diseases, 2) establishment of 13 overseas research collaboration centers in 8 countries at high risk of emerging and reemerging infections and at which Japanese researchers are stationed and conduct research in partnership with overseas instructors, 3) development of a network among domestic and overseas research centers, and 4) development of human resources. The program was controlled under MEXT and managed by the RIKEN Center of Research Network for Infectious Diseases (Riken CRNID) . Phase II of the program was set up as the Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases (J-GRID) , and has been running in FY 2010-2014. Phase III will start in April 2015, and will be organized by the newly established Japanese governmental organization "Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED)" , the so-called Japanese style NIH. The Collaborative Research Center of Okayama University for Infectious Diseases in India (CRCOUI) was started up in 2007 at the National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Disease, Kolkata, India. Major projects of CRCOUI are concerned with diarrheal diseases such as, 1) active surveillance of diarrheal patients, 2) development of dysentery vaccines, 3) viable but nonculturable( VBNC) Vibrio cholerae, and 4) pathogenic mechanisms of various diarrhogenic microorganisms. This review article outlines project of J-GRID and CRCOUI which the authors carried out collaboratively with NICED staff members.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-89
Number of pages13
JournalBiocontrol Science
Volume20
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Communicable Diseases
Research
Japan
India
Emerging Communicable Diseases
Staff Development
Dysentery
Vibrio cholerae
Cholera
Developed Countries
Running
Developing Countries
Sports
Biomedical Research
Cause of Death
Heart Diseases
Neoplasms
Vaccines
Stroke
Research Personnel

Keywords

  • Diarrheal disease
  • Infectious disease
  • International collaborative study
  • J-GRID

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

International collaborative research on infectious diseases by Japanese universities and institutes in Asia and Africa, with a special emphasis on J-GRID. / Shinoda, Sumio; Imamura, Daisuke; Mizuno, Tamaki; Miyoshi, Shin-ichi; Ramamurthy, Thandavrayan.

In: Biocontrol Science, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2015, p. 77-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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