Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist: Characterisation of its gene expression in rabbit tissues and large-scale expression in eucaryotic cells using a baculovirus expression system

Jim Apostolopoulos, Shelley Ross, Piers Davenport, Akihiro Matsukawa, Masaru Yoshinaga, Peter G. Tipping

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The gene expression of rabbit interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (RbIL-1ra) was examined in rabbit tissues. RNA was isolated from heart, lung, kidney, muscle, liver, spleen, brain, and peripheral blood monocytes (PBMs), and RbIL-1ra mRNA was identified as a single species by Northern analysis using a RbIL-1ra probe. RbIL-1ra was abundantly expressed in lung, brain, heart, and liver, expressed at low levels in spleen, and undetectable in kidney and unstimulated PBMs. Expression of large scale recombinant production of RbIL-1ra was achieved by subcloning the cDNA into a baculovirus expression vector. Recombination of this vector was completed with the BacPAK6 baculovirus genome. The recombinant virus, containing the RbIL-1ra cDNA, was used to infect Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf21) insect cells in a spinner flask system and in monolayers in cell culture flasks. Recombinant rabbit IL-1ra (rRbn-1ra) was secreted into the culture medium in this system at very high levels (35 mg/l). The protein was identified by reducing SDS-PAGE electrophoresis, was variably glycosylated and had a molecular weight between 19-25 kDa. It was then purified by size exclusion HPLC on a Du Pont Gf-250 column. The rRbIL-1ra was demonstrated to be functionally active by inhibiting recombinant human IL-1α in a mouse thymocyte proliferation assay. 20 ng/ml (6.7 U/ml) of rRbIL-1ra inhibited 95% of the activity of 2 ng/ml IL-1α.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-35
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Volume199
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Baculovinrs
  • Gene expression
  • IL-1 receptor antagonist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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