Interdisciplinary orthodontic treatment for a patient with generalized aggressive periodontitis: Assessment of IgG antibodies to identify type of periodontitis and correct timing of treatment

Yoshihito Ishihara, Kazuya Tomikawa, Toru Deguchi, Tadashi Honjo, Koji Suzuki, Takayuki Kono, Takuo Kuboki, Hiroshi Kamioka, Shogo Takashiba, Takashi Yamashiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aggressive periodontitis is a great challenge to clinicians when providing orthodontic treatment because of the potential for progression of periodontal disease. In this article, we report the successful comprehensive orthodontic treatment of bimaxillary protrusion and severe crowding in an adult with generalized aggressive periodontitis. A woman, aged 22 years 7 months, with a chief complaint of incisal crowding was diagnosed with a skeletal Class I malocclusion associated with severe anterior crowding, possibly worsened by generalized aggressive periodontitis. In addition to a periodontal examination, a blood IgG antibody titer analysis and microbiologic examination for periodontal pathogens were used to diagnose the type of periodontal disease and determine the proper timing to initiate orthodontic treatment. The total active treatment period was 28 months, followed by periodontal prostheses and regeneration therapy. Consequently, satisfactory facial profile, occlusion, and periodontal health were maintained for at least 36 months. These results indicate that efficient screening is important for providing successful orthodontic treatment in patients with advanced periodontal disease. This report also demonstrates the diagnostic importance of blood IgG antibody titer assays and microbiologic examinations to detect periodontal pathogens.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)766-780
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume147
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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