Intercondylar notch size influences cyclops formation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Masataka Fujii, Takayuki Furumatsu, Shinichi Miyazawa, Yukimasa Okada, Takaaki Tanaka, Toshifumi Ozaki, Nobuhiro Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of cyclops lesions and its relationship with the cross-sectional area of the intercondylar notch. Methods: For this study, 55 patients (24 male and 31 female) underwent follow-up arthroscopy after bi-socket anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring tendon grafts were included. All patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging measurements of intercondylar notch dimensions. We compared the femoral intercondylar notch sizes and bone tunnel sizes between knees with cyclops lesions (cyclops group) and those without cyclops lesions (no-cyclops group). The mean percentage of the tunnel size to the cross-sectional area of the femoral intercondylar notch was also compared between the groups. The median follow-up duration was 3.8 years. Results: Cyclops lesions were found in 15 of the 55 knees (27.3 %) on second-look arthroscopy (cyclops group). Only 6 of the 55 knees (10.9 %) had extension loss (cyclops syndrome). The cyclops group included 3 men and 12 women. The two groups showed a statistical difference in sex variation (P = 0.04). No significant differences were found in the femoral and tibial tunnel sizes between the two groups. The cross-sectional area of the femoral intercondylar notch was significantly smaller in the cyclops group (251.7 ± 63.2 mm2) than in the no-cyclops group (335.6 ± 77.6 mm2) (P < 0.001). The percentage of the total femoral tunnel size to the cross-sectional area of the femoral intercondylar notch was significantly higher in the cyclops group (18.6 ± 5.3 %) than in the no-cyclops group (13.2 ± 3.6 %) (P = 0.02). Conclusions: A smaller intercondylar notch size may be a potential risk factor for cyclops lesion formation. Level of evidence: Case–control study, Level IV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1092-1099
Number of pages8
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction
  • Bone tunnel
  • Cross-sectional area
  • Cyclops lesion
  • Cyclops syndrome
  • Intercondylar notch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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