Interaction of S100 proteins with the antiallergic drugs, olopatadine, amlexanox, and cromolyn: Identification of putative drug binding sites on S100A1 protein

Miki Okada, Hiroshi Tokumitsu, Yasuo Kubota, Ryoji Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

S100 proteins are a multigenic family of low-molecular-weight Ca2+-binding proteins comprising 19 members. These proteins undergo a conformational change by Ca2+-binding and consequently interact with their target proteins. Recently, we reported that two anti-allergic drugs, Amlexanox and Cromolyn, bind to S100A12 and S100A13 of the S100 protein family. In the present study, we used a newly developed antiallergic drug, Olopatadine, as a ligand for affinity chromatography and examined binding specificity of the drug to S100 protein family. Olopatadine binds specifically to S100 proteins, such as S100A1, S100B, S100L, S100A12, and S100A13, in a Ca2+-dependent manner but not to calmodulin. Mutagenesis study showed that amino acid residues 76-85 in S100A1 are necessary for its binding to Olopatadine. In contrast, residues 89-94 were identified as an Amlexanox-binding site in S100A1. Moreover, Olopatadine did not competitively inhibit S100A1-binding site of Amlexanox. Furthermore, we showed that Olopatadine inhibited the binding of S100A1 target protein's binding site peptides to S100A1. These results indicate that C-terminal region of S100A1 is important for antiallergic drug binding, although the drug binding sites are different according to each antiallergic drug. Differences in the binding sites of S100A1 to antiallergic drugs suggest that the regulatory functions of S100 proteins may exist in several regions. Therefore, these drugs may serve as useful tools for evaluating the physiological significance of S100 protein family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1023-1030
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume292
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 12 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amlexanox
  • Antiallergic drugs
  • Cromolyn
  • Olopatadine
  • S100 proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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