Interaction between the lower mantle and core is essential for understanding the nature of D″ layer at the core-mantle boundary (CMB). Here, we report the reaction between post-perovskite (PPv) and metallic iron under the condition of the CMB, for example, 139 GPa and 3000 Kelvin. Analytical transmission electron microscope (ATEM) analysis revealed that significant amount of oxygen up to 6.3 weight percent (wt.%) and silicon up to 4.0 wt.% can be dissolved into molten iron. The dihedral angle between PPv and molten iron is 67 degrees. Thus, a small amount of core metal of about 2 volume percent (vol.%) can be trapped without separation in the PPv region at the CMB. The amount of core metal trapped by this mechanism can produce the isotopic signature of the outer core in the plume source at the base of the lower mantle.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)