Forty-one consecutive adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were treated with an intensive individualized induction therapy of behenoyl cytarabine, daunorubicin, and 6-mercaptopurine, 29 patients (71%) achieved complete remission (CR). Patients then received three courses of intensive consolidation therapy, including intermediate-dose continuous cytarabine (400 mg/m2, for 5 days) and non-cross resistant drugs such as mitoxantron, etoposide and vincristine. During the course of the consolidation therapy, three patients died of infections and one died of myocardial infarction. Four patients underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. The patients then received six courses of moderately intensive maintenance therapy for 1 year. The predicted 5-year continuing CR and disease-free survival rates of the CR patients were 62% (95% confidence limit, 41% to 83%) and 53% (33% to 73%), respectively. Although the number of patients in this study is small, the present study indicated that it may be possible to cure a fairly large proportion of AML patients by chemotherapy alone, if intensive induction therapy is followed by intensive consolidation therapy.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International journal of hematology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1991|
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