Initiation of treatment and selection of antiepileptic drugs in childhood epilepsy

Eiji Oka, Nagako Murakami, Tatsuya Ogino, Katsuhiro Kobayashi, Iori Ohmori, Tomoyuki Akiyama, Minako Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: A retrospective study was carried out on 53 cases with childhood epilepsy to evaluate the validity of the initial selection of antiepileptic drug (AED). Methods: We investigated the AEDs selected at the beginning of the treatment from the medical records of 53 untreated cases. A follow-up study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of the AEDs. In the second study, we investigated the AEDs of 10 cases with atypical benign partial epilepsy (ABPE), to clarify whether the initial AEDs selected for rolandic epilepsy were related to the appearance of ABPE. Results: The AEDs used at the initial stage consisted of carbamazepine (CBZ), valproic acid (VPA), phenobarbital (PB), and vitamin B6. The main AEDs were CBZ and VPA for localization-related epilepsy, and VPA for generalized epilepsy. The initial selection of AEDs in 41 (85.4%) of 48 cases treated with AEDs were considered to be correct from the results of follow-up. We could not specify any AEDs that related to the appearance of ABPE. Conclusions: The selection of AED in this series was considered to be most appropriate. We proposed a criterion to determine whether to begin the AED treatment immediately at the initial seizure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-19
Number of pages3
JournalEpilepsia
Volume45
Issue numberSUPPL. 8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • Antiepileptic drugs
  • Beginning of treatment
  • Childhood epilepsy
  • Initial seizure
  • Medication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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