Inhibitory effects of polyphenols on human cytochrome P450 3A4 and 2C9 activity

Yuka Kimura, Hideyuki Ito, Ryoko Ohnishi, Tsutomu Hatano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

130 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polyphenols present in foods and supplements may contribute to human health by preventing cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Drug-food or drug-herb interactions have recently come into focus but, except for some phytochemicals, few components of food or herbs participate in such interactions. In this study, we systematically evaluated the inhibitory effects of 60 polyphenols and related compounds on human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 and CYP2C9 activity by in vitro assay to investigate whether some polyphenols induce drug interactions. In addition, the kinetics of potent CYP inhibitors was investigated by Lineweaver-Burk plot analysis. Three coumarins and 12 flavonoids significantly suppressed CYP3A4 or CYP2C9 activities. Lineweaver-Burk plot analysis indicated that apigenin and its dimer amentoflavone and imperatorin displayed a mixed type of inhibition on CYP3A4 or CYP2C9. Among the inhibitors, amentoflavone was the most potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 and CYP2C9 activities with IC50 values of 0.07 and 0.03 μM, respectively. The Ki value of amentoflavone was significantly lower than that of the CYP2C9 inhibition positive control sulfaphenazole. These findings suggest that some dietary polyphenols may have the potential to inhibit the metabolism of clinical drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)429-435
Number of pages7
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Amentoflavone
  • Apigenin
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Imperatorin
  • Polyphenols

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

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