In the present study, we examined whether a commensal gut bacterium Escherichia coli might prevent the formation and development of the biofilm of Staphylococcus epidermidis, a nosocomial extraintestinal pathogen but not a gut microorganism. When co-cultured with S. epidermidis, E. coli strain ATCC 35218, a non-pathogenic strain, was found to be dominant in the biofilm formed on the surface of wells of a microtiter plate. In addition, E. coli significantly incorporated and grew in a niche preoccupied by S. epidermidis biofilm. Two other E. coli strains (strain K-12 and B) also showed to interfere the biofilm formation by S. epidermidis. In contrast, S. epidermidis could not grow in a niche preoccupied by E. coli biofilm. These results suggest that, through inhibition of the formation and development of the biofilm, E. coli may eliminate S. epidermidis from the gastrointestinal tract.
- Escherichia coli
- Staphylococcus epidermidis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health