Repetitive oral administration of imipramine (100 mg/kg/day for 5 days) caused a decrease in rat liver microsomal debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase activity, a characteristic reaction catalyzed by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D1. Other CYP2D-dependent reactions (such as bunitrolol 4-hydroxylation, lidocaine 3-hydroxylation, and propranolol 4-, 5- and 7-hydroxylations) were also impaired by the treatment, but not those catalyzed by other CYP isozymes. Imipramine pretreatment did not change the immunochemically determined content of the CYP2D protein, suggesting that CYP2D is inactivated. Imipramine pretreatment also resulted in an increase in total CYP content and in formation of a ferrous CYP metabolic intermediate (MI)- complex absorbing at 454 nm. Although the total CYP content was increased by the treatment of these microsomes with ferricyanide to dissociate the MI- complex, the CYP2D-dependent activities were not restored, suggesting that the MI-complex was not the primary cause of CYP2D inhibition. This pretreatment regimen caused marked increases in immunochemically determined levels of CYP2A1, CYP2B1, CYP2B2, CYP2C6, and CYP3A2, and in the activities of 2α-, 2β-, 6β-, 7α-, 16α-, and 16β-hydroxylation and 17-oxidation of testosterone. These results indicate that imipramine has two actions on the liver CYP system (i.e. as an inhibitor of the CYP2D enzyme and as a phenobarbital-type inducer).
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Drug Metabolism and Disposition|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science