Influence of volcanic activity and changes in solar irradiance on surface air temperatures in the early twentieth century

Hideo Shiogama, Tatsuya Nagashima, Tokuta Yokohata, Simon A. Crooks, Toru Nozawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Causes of the global surface air temperature warming in the early half of the 20th century are examined using a climate model and an optimal detection/attribution methodology. While the anthropogenic response seems to be underestimated in our model, our previous study detected the influence due to natural external forcing, including the combined effects of solar irradiance changes and the recovery from large volcanic activity. We further partition the responses between these two natural external factors, detecting both the solar and the volcanic signal in the observed early warming. A diagnosis of the sensitivity to solar forcing and a volcanic super-eruption simulation suggest that our model possesses larger climate sensitivities to solar forcing and longer relaxation times to volcanic forcing responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL09702
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 16 2006
Externally publishedYes

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irradiance
twentieth century
volcanology
surface temperature
air temperature
warming
air
climate modeling
volcanic eruption
heating
temperature
methodology
climate models
sensitivity
climate
volcanic eruptions
simulation
partitions
relaxation time
recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Influence of volcanic activity and changes in solar irradiance on surface air temperatures in the early twentieth century. / Shiogama, Hideo; Nagashima, Tatsuya; Yokohata, Tokuta; Crooks, Simon A.; Nozawa, Toru.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, No. 9, L09702, 16.05.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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