Influence of surface state in micro-welding of copper by Nd:YAG laser

Martin Ruthandi Maina, Yasuhiro Okamoto, Reiki Inoue, Shin Ichi Nakashiba, Akira Okada, Tomokazu Sakagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Laser welding of copper is characterized by low and unstable light absorption around 1000 nm wavelength. Combination of high thermal conductivity and low melting point makes it difficult to obtain good welding quality and leads to low energy utilization. To improve efficiency and welding quality, a technique to enhance process stability using 1064 nm wavelength Nd:YAG laser has been proposed, and absorption rate and molten volume in laser micro-welding were discussed. Since the surface state of specimen affects absorption phenomena, effects of surface shape and surface roughness were investigated. Absorption rate and molten volume were increased by creating appropriate concave holes and by controlled surface roughness. Stable micro-welding process with deep penetration and good surface quality was achieved for transitional processing condition between heat conduction and keyhole welding, by enhanced absorption rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2364
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Nov 23 2018


  • Absorption rate
  • Copper
  • Heat conduction
  • Keyhole
  • Laser welding
  • Nd:YAG laser

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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